In old age, hearing becomes impaired and vision more blurred. For some, this provides an opportunity to open the senses to the pulsation of the soul, to hear the echoes of the sounds that arise from the depths, and perceive the reflection of the patterns that take shape under the sea.
This may be the transparency
and the invisibility of not being seen by others, and the fear of being run
over by the phenomena, the appearances of this world. However, as has been
mentioned, it entails exchanging the reality-oriented ego-vision for the
inward gaze—like Oedipus upon tearing out his eyes, and the seer Tiresias, or
Samson. When blinded to this world of appearance, the inner world of
transparent, invisible psychic substance may open up, to be sighted. This
change in the ego-Self relationship marks a release of the ego from the
persona of social roles. It is the invisibility of allowing oneself to be a
beggar, a wanderer, or an old fool—not in the social, but in the
In order to attain a sense of integrity in old life,
rather than suffer severe despair, Erikson emphasizes the importance of
reflection. The reflective instinct is specifically human, and determines
“[t]he richness of the human psyche and its essential character,” says Jung.
means ‘bending back,’ “is a turning inwards, with the result
that, instead of an instinctive action, there ensues ... reflection or
“What youth found and must find outside,” says Jung, “the man
of life’s afternoon must find within himself.” Jung calls reflection “the
cultural instinct par excellence.” Reflection on one’s life is instrumental
at every developmental stage, unless it takes precedence over living one’s
old age, the proportions alter, so that reflection on one’s life
becomes at least as important as merely living it.
When cut off from one’s
inner depths, the personality shrinks as the ego dries up and becomes
limited. A reflective state of mind, however, enables the depths to be
reflected in the mirror of one’s Self and soul. Henry Miller tells us in
Colossus of Maroussi that he did not know the meaning of
peace until he
visited the principal sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidaurus, where dream
incubation began around 600 BCE. In the intense stillness and the great peace
at Epidaurus “I heard the heart of the world beat. I know what the cure is:
it is to give up, to relinquish, to surrender, so that our little hearts may
beat in unison with the great heart of the world.” Henry Miller makes it
clear that Epidaurus, principally, is an internal space, “the real place is
in the heart, in every man’s heart, if he will but stop and search it.”
Reflection and imagination constitute the intangible substance of
soul, which Hillman suggests refers “to that unknown component which makes
meaning possible,” and which he imagines “like a reflection in a flowing
mirror.” (p. 177-8)
Erel Shalit (2011) The Cycle of Life: Themes and Tales of the Journey, Fisher King Press.
Dr. Shalit's most recent work is The Dream and its Amplification, Erel Shalit & Nancy Swift Furlotti, eds. (2013, Fisher King Press).
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